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专门替中国人写的英语语法(已排版含答案)(14章)  

2010-01-01 17:00:51|  分类: 〖学习园地〗 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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第十四章 总复习的例子

在这一章,我们将给很多简短的文章,每一段文章的后面,我们都会有详细的解释,相信这些解释将有助于读者对于文法的了解。

(1)

Dear Mother:
I arrived at the Taipei Train Station around one o'clock in the afternoon yesterday. My friend, Mr. Chen, greeted me in the station. We took a taxi to go directly to the university and checked into the dormitory. The dormitory is a very old one. I will live with three other boys and I met two of them already. Both of them are from Taichung and they are both quite friendly.

We went to the dormitory cafeteria for dinner. The food is not that good. Dear Mother, I miss you and especially the food you cooked for me.

Your son

这封信很简单,所叙述的事情不是用简单的现在式,就是简单的过去式,当然也有一次用了未来式。

绝大多数的句子都用了简单的过去式,因为这些句子都是叙述过去所发生的事,用现在式的有以下几句:

The dormitory is a very old one.

Both of them are from Taichung.

The food is not that good.

I miss you and the food you cooked for me.

为什么这几句话要用现在式呢?道理很简单,这几句话描写的是一些状态,而并非过去发生的事。

〝The dormitory is a very old one.〞

〝Both of them are from Taichung.〞

〝The food is not that good.〞

〝I miss you and the food you cooked for me.〞

等四个句子都是目前存在的事实,所以要用现在式。

现在我们不妨看一下冠词的情形,我们可以看到很多地方都用了the,如:

the Taipei Train Station

the afternoon

the station

the university

the dormitory cafetervia

the dormitory

the food

the food you cooked for me

各位读者一定可以注意到在the后面的名词都有所指,举例来说,the university指那所作者要去念的大学,他的妈妈知道他所说的是那一所大学。The dormitory指那间他已搬进去住的宿舍。凡是有所指的名词前面,原则上都应该加the。

哪里用了〝a〞呢?注意,我们用了两次

a taxi

a very old one

读者应该不难看出为什么这里我们不能用the,而一定要用a。

(2)

Mary: "Hello, this is Mary. Who is calling?"

John: "Hi, this is John. How are you?"

Mary: "I am doing fine. In fact, I am studying for the final examination now."

John: "Oh, I am sorry. When will the exam be over?"

Mary: "This Friday."

John: "Then, can we have dinner Friday evening?"

Mary: "OK, where are we going to eat?"

John: "How about the Chinese restaurant called Four Seasons?"

Mary: "That is all right with me. When do we meet?"

John: "How about six o'clock?"

Mary: "That's it. See you Friday evening at 6 o'clock at the Four Seasons."

这一篇短文主要的目的在于介绍所谓现在进行式。

Who is calling.

I am doing fine.

I am studying for the final examination now.

都是标准的现在进行式,事实上,也必须用现在进行式。

(3)

I have been interested in music ever since I was a small child. When I was seven years old, my mother gave me a violin as a birthday present. I have been taking violin lessons ever since.

I am so much interested in music that I finally decided to go to music school. This was a hard decision for me. I consulted with my parents. Both of them encouraged me to go ahead.

Yesterday, I was accepted by one of the best music schools in Taiwan. I am really happy about this.

这一段话中,我们开始用现在完成式,比方说第一句话就是

I have been interested in music ever since I was a small child.

为什么要用现在完成式呢?道理很简单,这句话里面有有〝ever since〞这个词,凡是有了这个词句,我们就一定要用现在完成式了。

另外一句用了现在完成进行式的句子是:

I have been taking violin lessons ever since.

读者不妨去看看第四章,就知道为什么这里要用现在完成进行式了。凡是〝自从〞某某日开始,而就一直在做的事情,就应该用现在完成式,或者现在完成进行式。

这一段文章里面,我们还用了被动语气。

I was accepted by one of the best music schools in Taiwan.

各位读者不妨注意,这被动语气的用法是很正当而且适宜的,如用主动这句话变成了

One of the best music schools accepted me.

这样反而并不太能表达原意。

(4)

Before I got into college, I had been to the United States and lived there for one year. This is why I could speak English better than average students.

As I studied as a college student, Hitler was secretly preparing for the Second World War. The war erupted finally when I was a senior. I was forced to quit school and was drafted into the army. I luckily survived the war and came back to resume my studying after the war was over. Since I had gone to the war, I was more mature than most of the other students.

Even now, I can still remember my days as a college student as well as a soldier.

这篇文章介绍了如何使用过去完成式,第一句话就用了过去完成式,因为有两件事,一件是〝进大学〞,另一件是〝去过美国〞,由于在进大学以前去美国,所以〝去美国〞就用了过去完成式。

请注意第二段的第一句:

As I studied as a college student, Hitler was secretly preparing for the Second World War.

这一次,我们用了过去进行式,因为有两件事,〝在学校念书〞是一件事,〝希特勒在准备发动第二次世界大战〞是另一件事,其中有一件可以用过去完成式。

同理,在第二段话的最后一句话中,〝曾经去打过仗〞用了过去完成式。

这段文章中,有一句话用了被动语气,读者不妨看这句话〝I was forced to quit school.〞,其实我们在这种情形之下,我们必须用被动语气,当然也可以用主动语气,不过那并不太自然。

也请读者注意这段文章的最后一句话仍一定要用现在式。

(5)

I have been interested in reading novels for a long time. Among all of the novels that I have read, I like detective novels the most. Among all detective novels, I especially like those written by Agatha Christe.

Last year, I started reading another kind of novels, namely science fictions. I found out that some science fiction writers are quite philosophical. Unfortunately, there are not too many of them.

I always have a dream that one day I will be good in writing novels. Do you think that my dreams may come true?

这段文章中,我们介绍了动名词的用法,第一句话的reading就是动名词,除此以外,我们还有两处用了动名词:started reading和good in writing。

读者也应该了解为什么第一句话要用现在完成进行式,在第二句话里面,当我们形容novels,我们也用了现在完成式。

请读者注意第一段的最后一句话,those written by Agatha Christe。在这里,written是一个过去分词用作了形容词,形容novels,我们也可以说those which were written by Agatha Christe.

顺便讲一下,Agatha Christe是一位非常著名的侦探小说作者。

也请大家注意,我们只能说interested in reading,而不能说interesting in reading。

(6)

Tomorrow, there will be a dancing party in our university. Since we are freshmen and most of us have never been to a large dancing party, we are naturally very much excited. I must say that I am not that excited. Although dancing is interesting, I often think that the music is too loud. Besides, as a bystander, I often find the way that the young people dance these days is so funny. When they dance, they often remind me of monkeys.

Well, I must admit that playing basketball is more interesting to me. But, unfortunately, I cannot play basketball tomorrow because the courts will be used for the dancing party.

这一段话主要的目的是介绍现分词和过去分词用成形容词的做法。第一个现在分词是dancing,dancing 在这里形容party。

我们在这里看到有些时候,我们应该用现在分词,有时要用过去分词。请看以下的句子:

We are naturally very much excited.

在这里,我们一定要用excited,绝对不能用

*We are naturally very exciting.

下一句

Although dancing is interesting,

在这里,我们必须用interesting,而不能用interested。也就是说,我们不能说

*Although dancing is interested.

(7)

We probably all believe that we should love others and forgive those who do bad things to us. Unfortunately it is often hard for us to practice what we believe in. For example, if someone really hurts us badly, we just do not know what we should do. Should we take some kind of action to hurt the person who hurt us, or should we forgive him?

The truth is that we may still seek justice. It is right if we want a criminal to go to jail for his crime. Yet, we should never have hatred in our hearts.

这篇文章的目的在介绍〝子句〞的用法,请注意这篇文章内的很多子句,举例来说

that we should love others and forgive those who do bad things.

就是一个子句,这个子句是believe的受词,有趣的是,这个子句内部又有一个子句,那就是

who do bad things to do.

这个子句是形容those的。

以下是这一段文章的全部子句:

that we should love others and forgive those

who do bad things to us

what we believe in

what we should do

that we may still seek justice

练习题答案

[练习一]

1.I love my parents.

2. He loves his teacher.

3. He keeps swimming every day.

4. He wants to drink a glass of water.

5. He likes playing the violin.

6. Jack does not like mathematics.

7. Mary hates singing.

8. My mother cooks very good food.

9. He wants me to see him tomorrow.

10. He does not know my name.

11.I do not like you.

12. He does not like swimming.

13. You did not go home.

14.I do not like swimming.

15.I wanted to go to my mother's home.

16.I do not like swimming.

17.I did not eat dinner.

18.I will not go home.

19.He did not go home.

20.You may leave now.

21.He can swim.

22. He does not go to work.

[练习二]

1. He.is a good student.

2. My elder brother is seventeen years old.

3. My younger brother swims every day.

4.,'All of them like music.

5. They are in Japan now.

6. Jade Mountain is a very high mountain.

7. The Amazon River is a long river.

8. His father is a teacher.

9. All of us  like Chinese food.

10. He doesn't like ice cream.

11.I love you.

12. Everyone lis afraid of snakes.)

13. Everyone likes dogs.

14. It is very cold today.

[练习三]

1. He is watching a movie.

2.I am swimming.

3. She is making a phone call to her mother.

4. His brother is taking a walk.

5.I am eating now.

6. We are singing.

7. He is playing the piano.

8. He is reading a novel.

9.I am writing a letter.

10. He is running.

[练习四]

1.I love you.

2.I am eating dinner/lunch now.

3. He is not a student.

4.I am a teacher.

5.I am singing.

6. He is swimming now.

7. He likes swimming.

8. He can sing.

9. He is singing now.

10. His father is a doctor.

11. His father is in the U. S. A.

12.I am taking a bath.

13. He is sleeping now.

14. Your sister is riding her bicycle now.

15. Your sister goes to school by bicycle.

[练习五]

1.I attended a party yesterday.

2. Hi's elder brother called me yesterday.

3.I went to America last year.

4.I met your sister last night.

5.I wrote a letter to you.

6.I ate an egg this morning.

7. Last night, he danced all night.

8. We ran five thousand meters yesterday.

9. He was very tired last night.

10. He visited his father in Taipei last night.

[练习六]

1. He is a strong boy.

2. He was sick yesterday.

3.He eats an apple every day.

4. He ate three apples yesterday.

5.  1 like to watch movies.

6.I am a happy man.

7. Iwatched two movies yesterday.

8.I le sent a letter to you yesterday.

9. He smokes very often.

10.I read the Bible every day.

11. He did not read the Bible yesterday.

12. He did not swim yesterday..

 

[练习七]    

1. He is playing basketball now.              

2. He likes playing basketball.

3. He played basketball yesterday.

4. He goes to school by bicycle every day.

5. He went to the country by bicycle yesterday.

6.I like singing.

7. He is singing now.

8. Your father came to see me yesterday.

9. His older brother walks two kilometers.every day.

10. His younger brother is a good boy.

11. He was very weak last year.

12. He is making a phone call now.

13. He works hard every day.

14. Your younger brother likes swimming.

15. He was a good student before.

[练习八]

1.      It was raining when he went to school yesterday.

2. He was reading a newspaper when the train stopped.

3. They were singing when the train arrived in the station.

4. He was calling his father when I went to his house.

5.I was watching TV when the clock struck eight lastnight.

6.I was brushin my teeth when my father called me.

7. He was swimming when I called him.

8. That dog was sleeping when the cat came in.

9.  He was playing the violin when his younger brother came home.

10.  My mother was cooking dinner when my father came home.

[练习九]

1.I   am   a Christian.

2. He   was   a Catholic when he was a child.

3.I  went   to see my mother yesterday.

4.I    like   to play the piano.

5. He   is eating   now.

6. He    likes   to eat ice cream.

7. He   walks   to school every day.

8. He   is walking   now.

9. He   is   a good boy.

10. He   was swimming   when I called him.

11. He   went   to see his mother yesterday.

12.I    was taking   a bath when my mother called me.

13.I    like   to swim.

14.I    liked    to swim when I was young. Now, I don't because I am too old.

15. It    is raiping   now.

16. It   was raining   when I drove to work yesterday.

17. It   rained   last night.

18. It   rains   very often here.

19. He    was reading    a book when I went to see him yesterday.

20. I  was    a student when I was young.    Now I am a teacher.

[练习十]

1. They were driving when I went to see them yesterday.

2. It rains very often in Taipei.

3. He gave his book to his brother last month.

4. He goes to work every morning.

5. He likes to tell stories.

6.I like to go to church.

7. The sun is setting now.

8. They arc playing the piano now.

9.I love you.

10. He was a good student before.

11. He went to church last Sunday.

12. It rained last night.

13.I was playing when you called.'

14. It was raining when I drove to work last night.

15. He does not know me.

16.I was swimming when my mother came.

17. They are singing now.

18. He does not like to swim.

19. He always wears a black coat.

20. He is watching TV now.

[练习十一]

1. I have swum every morning since 1980.

2.I have received your letter.

3.I have never been to America.

4. He has been a Christian since he was a child.

5.I have seen your grandfather.

6. Your brother has always lived here.

7. He has been learning to play the piano for a long time.

8.I have already written three letters, but he didn't reply.

9. For the past three years, I have driven this car.

10. He has been a teacher since 1975.

11.He has taught English for a long time.

12.I have seen Gone with the Wind.

13.I have eaten.

14.I have been to the beach three times this year.

15.I have loved you all my life.

[练习十二]

1.I went to see Gone with the Wind yesterday.

2.I have never seen Gone with the Wind.

3. I lived in America last year.

4.I have lived in America since 1985.

5. He has never been to England.

6.  He has finished the report.

7.I finished the report last night.

8.I saw your father last night.

9.I have seen your father so many times already.

10.I have lived in Tai-Chung all my life.

[练习十三]

1.I    had become   a Christian already when I was a child.

2.I    have been    a Christian all my life.

3. He   has lived    here since 1939.

4. Stop eating now. You   have eaten   too much.

5. It   rained    last night.

6. John is a writer. He    has written    thirteen novels.

?

7. Last night, I   saw   your father for the first time in my life.

8.I   talked   to my father last night.

9. Since 1961,I  have been   a teacher.    Before that, I was a

student.

10.I    have read    many novels written by Charles Dickens.

[练习十四]

1. We have been working hard since we werellittle kids.;

2. Since last year, he has been studying English.

3. It has been raining since yesterday.

4. Since five o'clock, he has been doing his homework.

5.I have been living in Taichung since I was three years old.

[练习十五]

1.I had met your mother before I was fourteen years old.

2.I had been to America before 1974.

3. He had read the Bible six years ago.

4.I had been an engineer before 1 studied in the university.

5.I had called you before you came.

6.I had met Mr. Lee before I had dinner with him last night.

7. He had been a good president before he resigned.

8. He had been a good doctor before he died.

9. He had been practiced singing before he started going to the

church. 10. It had been raining before eight o'clock this morning.

[练习十六]

1. You were singing when he went to see you yesterday.

2. He had been a good boy.

3. All of them like to play basketball.

4. We are watching TV now.

5. You have lived in Taiwan for a long time.

6.I have already read over this book.

7. They have lived here all the time.

8.I had gone to church before coming here.

9. He likes to watch the sunrise.

10. He likes swimming.

11. He has been learning to play the piano since he was six years old.

12. He used to be a strong boy.

13. He had been a very healthy man before he got sick.

14. People were dancing when the train arrived at the station.

15. He had been a musician before the war broke out.

16.I have seen you before.

17.I saw you last year.

18.I have already written the letter.

19. Since 1974,I have been a soldier.

20.I have read many English books.

[练习十七]

1. He   loves   his country.

2. He    loved    his country, but now he does not.

3. I    have been    a teacher since 1975.

4.I    had been    a teacher before I went to college.

5.I   have been reading   Shakespeare ever since I was a littlegirl.

6. When I went to see her yesterday, she   was watching   TV.

7.I    had seen   your father before I saw you.

8. He   has read   many detective stories.

9.  He    goes   to church every Sunday.

10. It   was   a cold day yesterday.

11.  It    has been raining    for the last two days.

12.I    have eaten   too much. I am full now.

13. She   had been   a nurse before the war broke out.

14. I    have ? never    seen    you in my life.

15. He    has been    a teacher since 1980.

16. It   is  good to cat vegetables every day.

17. It   was   so nice to meet you last night.

18. She    had been    such a nice girl before she died.

19. Peter   has gone   to America many times.

20. He   has been working   hard since last year. He   hopes to succeed in the college entrance examination this time.

[练习十八]

1.I will go to church tomorrow.

2. He will meet me next Monday.

3. He will clean this room tomorrow.

4.I will go to Taipei after dinner tomorrow.

5.I will call you tomorrow night after I go home.

6.I will major in law after I graduate.

7.I will watch TV tomorrow after you leave.

8.I will go to Tainan tomorrow.

9.I will write a letter to you tonight.

10.I will wait for my brother tonight.

[练习十九]

1.I  am going to be  in America next year after I graduate .

2.I  will explain  this to you tonight after I read the report.

3. I   will see  you tonight.

4. As soon as you come  see me, I will give you my book.

5. When you arrive  in New York tomorrow, Tom  will be in the airport to meet you.

6.I    will go    to church after the rain slops.

7.I    will watch   the new TV program after you   leave..

8. When you   get   here tomorrow, everyone   will be waiting  for you.

9.I   will get   a job as soon as I get out of college.

10. He    will have    dinner very late tomorrow.

11.I   will quit    my present job, after I    find    a better one.

[练习二十]

1.I    will be watching    the baseball game tomorrow night.

2. He   will have finished   the report when you arrive at hishome.

3.I   will have washed   my car tonight when my mother comes.

4. They   will be playing   their violins when the clock strikes twelve.

5. He    will have completed    writing this program before ten o'clock tonight.

6. He   will have been   the president for three years next May.

7.I   will have repaired    my car when you come tonight.

8.I    will have read    this report before six o'clock tomorrow evening.

9. People    will be dancing    in the streets if Mr. Robertson is elected President.

10.I   will have driven   four hundred miles tomorrow.

[练习二十一]

1. Perterson was born in 1965. He liked music when he was a child. Since 1975, he has been learning to play the violin. Now, he is a very good violinist.

2.I will be watching TV at home when my elder brother visits me tomorrow. I like to watch programs about hospitals.

3.I liked to play basketball when I was a child.   Now, 1 don't because I had a car accident.

4. I am calling my mother, who is eighty-eight years old and has lived in Taipei for sixty years.

5.  I had been to England before I went to America. When I was in England, I met a beautiful girl and she has become my wife,

[练习二十二]

1.  am watching   TV now. I   watch   TV every day.

2. He   had had   a big dinner before we arrived last night. It was a good meal. He seldom   ate   so much.

3. He    has been working    on this novel for a very long time.

By the time he finishes   it, he will have written six novels.

4.I have been to America several times. I will go to America again next year.

5.I lived in Taipei when I was a child. When I was six years old, I   moved   to Taiwan and   have lived   there ever since.

6. It is my birthday tomorrow. Yet I have a test the day after tomorrow. So I   will study   in the library tomorrow night.

7. He   had been   a strong kid before he became an athlete in college. Now although he is seventy years old, he is still quite healthy.

8..He   takes   a bath every morning. Today, since he got up very late, he   went to school directly without taking a bath.

[练习二十三]

1.I didn't see your brother last night.

2.I don't like apples.

3. She is not a beautiful girl.

4. They cannot play violin very well.

5. Mr. Chang must not answer the following questions.

Mr. Chang does not have to answer the following questions.

6.  He didn't go to see his brother last night.      

7. He couldn't sing many songs.  

8. He will not buy thiscar. 9.It didn't rain heavily last night.  

10.I have not lived here for three years.                   

11. He doesn't have to see his mother.

12. He didn't have to stay here yesterday.

 

[练习二十四]

 

1.I have   no   money.'

2. A selfish person does   not   have any friends. ,     

3.   No   man is entirely alone.

4.   No    one is living here. We can    not    get into this house.

5.   Not   a single person loves me.

6.   No    one loves me.

7. The person whom I saw did    not    come.

8.I did   not   go to work yesterday.

9.I had    no    work to do yesterday.

10.I can    not   find any one in this hall.

11.I have   neve I gone to America.

12. He has   never   written to me.

[练习二十五]

1. Do you like him?

2. Is he an American?

3. Did you go to church yesterday?

4. Has he been to Japan?

5. Do you want to go to Taipei?

6. Doesn't he like sports?

7. Haven't you been to Japan?

8. Does he have a sister?

9. Are they students?

10. Did your brother see my father yesterday?

[练习二十六]

1. Where did you buy this book?

2. When did he go to America?

3. What is his father's name?

4. Whose book is this?

5. Where are you from?

6. Which book do you want?

7. Who is this kid?

8. Whom does he like most?

9. What is his name?

10. Where did you go yesterday?

11. Whose dog is this?

[练习二十七]

1.   Where    did you go last night?

2.   Which   book do you like?

3.   Who    is your brother?

4.   What   is his name?

5.   Who   wrote this letter?

6.   Whom   did you give this book to?

7.   Who    gave you this book?

8.   Whose   car is this?

9.   Whose   dog is this?

10.   Which   movie did you see?

11.  Who   can speak English?

12.   Whom   did you speak to?

13.    What   kind of car is this?

14.   Which   fruit do you like most?

15.   Who   does not swim?

[练习二十八]

1. That movie was seen by him last night.

2. That letter was written to me by him.

3. Those English classes are taught by him.

4. You are loved by God.

5. Two houses were bought by them.

6. This room was painted by me.

7. Those roses are grown by him.

8. His students are helped by him.

9. The house was sold by me.

10. This car was bought by my uncle.

[练习二十九]

1.I saw the policeman.

2.I wrote those two books.

3. My teacher corrected these sentences,   .

4. A car hit him.

5.I locked his door.

6. My father built his house.

7. My father gave his boat to me.

8. People here rarely see this bird. People rarely see this bird here.

9. Everyone likes him.

10. Their friends gave them ten dollars.

11. He took this picture.

12. The young men drank too much wine.

13. Mr. Wang taught me.

14. His father helped him.

15. That waiter served them.

16.'My mother prepared his food.

17. My sister made his toy.

18. Jim returned the book to me.

19. My brother wrote that song.

20. He invited me to a party.

[练习三十]

1. Three novels have been written by him.

2. That letter will be written by him.

3. These songs will be sung by them tomorrow.

4. The speech will be given by him.

5. The house is being painted by them.

6. Three books have been given to him by me.

7. This job can be done by me.

8. That story had been told to me by him before we went there.

9. The students should be helped by the teachers.

10. The report is being written by him now.

11. This book must be read by the students.

12. This letter has to be given to my mother by me tonight.

13. The law ought to be obeyed by all citizens.

14. All of the cakes have been eaten by him.

15. Pictures were being taken by the reporters when the storm started.

16. The work had been finished by him before five o'clock last night.

17. That letter will be written by Peter.

18. My letter has been received by John.

19. The movie Gone with the Wind was seen by millions of people

20. That theorem has been proved by him.

[练习三十一]

1. Joseph has written two books.

2. Many students are choosing football.

3. His father should give him that lecture.

4.  He will write that report.

5. The King has received the letter.

6. Everyone should see this movie.

7. Every student ought to read this book.

8.I am helping them.

9. All of us are going to sec the movie.

10. Kids can eat this cake.

[练习三十二]

1. Apples arc not grown by the farmers here.

2.1 was not met by him last night.

3. That letter has not been written by me.

4. That movie is not going to be seen by John.

5. That movie was not filmed by mc.

6. English is not spoken by him.

7. English will not be spoken by him.

8. That cake should not be eaten by you.

9. That kind of fish is not eaten by my mother.

10. That report has not been written by John.

[练习三十三]

1. He did not write the book.

2. You arc not going to help me.

3. John has not received that book.

4. College students do not like that song.

5. Mary does not love John.

6. My students will not meet me tomorrow.

7. Vegetarians do not cat meat.

8.I did not open the door.

9.I did not pay those ten dollars.

10.I did not buy the car,

[练习三十四]

1.Is a book being written by him?

2. Was that book written by him?

3. Was that letter signed by you?

4. Where was that movie seen by you?

5. When was that movie seen by you?

6. Has that job been finished by him?

7. Were you given the gift by mother?

8. Were you visited by your mother last night?

9. Are roses grown by them?

10. Is English spoken by them?

11. Was that game of tennis won by you?

12. Will English be taught by you?

[练习三十五]

1. Did you cat the cake?

2. Do all of us like him?

3. Does everyone in Japan love that kind of music?

4. Do old people cat fish?

5. Do most women love roses?

6. Did you call him?

7. Does John play soccer?

8.  When did Mozart write this music?

9.  When did you see him?

10. Did you see them last night?

[练习三十六]

1.I sent two letters yesterday.Did you receive them? Every letter was written by me. Please write back to me soon.

2.I was invited to a dancing party last week. The music was   so noisy. I   left   the party as early as I could

3. Did you    write    that report? Yes, it    was written    by me.

4. He did not like music when he was a child. After he got into college, he was taught by a good music professor. Now, he enjoys music very much and listens to classical music every morning.

5.I bought a red car yesterday. It was made in Japan. It will   be delivered   to me tomorrow.

6.I   did not g   to school yesterday because my bicycle was stolen.

bought   a new bike yesterday.

7.  Where   did   (do) you go last night? I    could   (can) not find   (find) you. You   were seen    (sec) by no one.

8. A: Docs . he   smoke ?

B: No, he   does not. Smoking has never   been tried   by him.

9. Was the book   written    by him?

10.I  bought    three books lately. One    was written    by Graham Greene.

   finished    reading it. There    are    many interesting stories in it.

[练习三十七]

1. This is a book which    was written    by Dickens.

2.   Is   the music enjoyed by those elderly people?

3. When    were    you visited by your father yesterday?

4. This book   was    written by John.

5. He    was    invited to come to my home by my father yesterday.

6. This house    was   built in 1913.

7. This letter   was   written by him.

8. This letter has never    been    finished.

9.   Were   you given a book?

10.I have never   been   called by my father. I always call him first.

[练习三十八]

1. Playing tennis is fun.

2.I hate swimming.

3. Stop talking about me.

4. In addition to reading interesting books, you should also watch TV from time to time.

5.1 am not interested in swimming.

6.  He talks about going to America.

7. I believe in doing exercise every day.

8. The cost of transferring a student to another school is very high.

9. Please forgive me for making this mistake.

10. Swimming keeps me from getting cold.

[练习三十九]

1. Please forgive me    for being   so late.

2. In addition   to studying    ,you should also have some exercise every day.

3. We talked   about     building   a house next year.

4. Thank you    for      helping    me.

5. He is excited   about  traveling  to Japan.

6.I am looking forward   to     meeting   you.

7. He insists  on talking to me personally.

8.I believe  in exercising   every day.

9.   Did you participate    in   that   swimming   match.

10. He was not used   to      listening    to classical music.

11. My mother objected   to     visiting    my aunt tomorrow.

12.I am not accustomed   to     going   to bed so late.

13.Iam interested   in     swimming.

14. Are you responsible   for  writing    this report?

15. He is excited  about      seeing    me tomorrow.

16. He is looking forward    to      seeing    that movie.

17.I am not used   to  hearing    that kind of noise.

18. You should take advantage   of     having    such a good family.

19. He is in charge   of     sending   students to other schools.

[练习四十]

1. I do not like dancing.

2. Arc you interested in swimming ?

3. Playing basketball is interesting.

4.  We talked about teaching English yesterday.

5.I am not used to smoking.

6.I object to crying in public.

7. In addition to swimming, he should play baseball.

8. He is capable of running one kilometer every day.

9. He is in charge of finding a good place.

10. I am accustomed to getting up early.

[练习四十一]

1. I enjoy   listening    to rock and roll music.

2.  1 asked him    to go   away.

3. He was asked   to leave .

4.I suggest   having   some fun.

5. He seems    to be    a kind person.

6.  You appear      to be      (be) quite tired.

7.I told him   to have   a cup of wine.

8.I invited him    to come    over.

9. Everyone of you is required    to work    hard.

10. Do you like    swimming ?

11. I ordered him    to read    my book.

12.I was expected   to write   a letter to you.

13.  He asked me   to read   this letter to him.

14. Please keep   talking    (talk) to me.

15. Stop    driving    so fast. It is dangerous to drive too fast.

16.1 hate smoking .

17. Passing    (pass) the test is important.

18. Working    hard is the key to success.

19. My wife asked me to    bring   some flowers home.

20. He avoided   telling   lies.

[练习四十二]

1.I invited him to come to my house.

2.I teach him swimming.

3. To be loved makes people happy.

4.I hate smoking.

5.  We should avoid smoking.

6. Stop smoking.

7. Everyone expects him to write a good book.

8.I required him to study English every day.

[练习四十三]

1. He lets his son drive his car.

2.  He made me feel happy.

3.I made my friend discuss his problem with me.

4.I had my son get up early every morning.

5.I helped my father paint his house.

6.I had my brother carry this heavy luggage for me.

7.I had Mary marry me.

8. This song makes everyone cry.

9.I helped Nancy work hard.

10. He made us believe him.

11.I saw him play.

12.I heard Mary sing several songs.

13.I watched her swim.

14.I saw the birds fly away.

[练习四十四]

1. This is an interesting storybook.

2. The class is very boring.

3.  Look at that singing bird.

4. That smiling man is my brother.

5. People living in the country are usually very healthy.

6.I do not know that boy riding a bicycle.

7. The kid eating ice cream is my son.

8. The student asking questions is pretty clever.

9. Have you met the boy playing basketball?

10. That dying patient is my teacher.

[练习四十五]

1.I am interested in music.

2. The movie seen by everyone was produced in Hollywood.

3. He came from a broken family.

4. The law of this country has broken down.

5.I am excited about this news.

6. We should help that depressed student.

7. Three people got killed in this traffic accident.

8. This is a confused student.

9.  He is an interesting person.

[练习四十六]

1. He is totally   confused .

2.I am    interested    in seeing that movie.

3. This movie is really    exciting.

4. That is a   broken   promise.

5. He has a   broken   arm.

6. Their marriage was    broken    up.

7. Justice is still not a    realized    dream.

8. lie is a    depressed    person.

9. The bicycle    ridden    by the young kid is mine.

10.I do not like to see any person    injured .

11.I was very much    surprised    to hear that news.

12.  His statements are   encouraging .

13. The man   talking    about Hitler is a professor.

14. The man   piloting    the airplane is quite young.

15. The company    managed   by Mr. Lee is getting better and better.

16. Poor John now has a   broken    heart.

17. There are boys and girls   dancing   in the garden.

18. The   stolen   jacket has been found.

19. The boy   laughing   there is not my son.

20. He has a   smiling   face.

21. This is indeed very   exciting .

22. This song,   heard   by almost everyone, was written by me.

23.I don't like the song   written   by the Beatles.

24. She is a   caring   woman.

[练习四十七]

1. We all have the duty to pay taxes.

2. We have the right to remain silent.

3. He has the talent to swim.

4.I have no money left to spend.

5.I have no place to go.

6. He is too tired to drive.

7.I am glad to sec you.

8. He is smart enough to get into college.

9. My job is to teach kids English.

10.I was surprised to see you.

11.  We have lots of things to talk about.

12. He has no friends to talk to.

[练习四十八]

1.I do not know who you are.

2. Please tell me whether you are an American or not

3.I do not remember whether you drink coffeeor not .

4. Please ask your sister if she went to Japan last year.

5. Do you know who he is?

6. Where he is from remains a puzzle.

7. want to find out whether his brother can swim or not. '

8.I know why he is so sad.

9. Do you know when Mary will come?

10. Do you know what happened?

11.I know why the sky is blue.

12. Please tell me where you worked last year.

13. Do you know what he is talking about?

14.I do not understand what his problem is.

[练习四十九]

1. Please tell me why he is so sad.

2.I do not know where she is from.

3. Please tell mc how many people there are in this house.

4. Let me know how old you are.

5. Whether he is Japanese or not is a mystery.

6. Do you know who the president of the United States is?

7. May I ask you which kind of coffee you like?

8.i can not remember how old I am.

9. What he is talking about is unclear to me.

10. Do you know why he is coming?

[练习五十]

1.I don't know   which    book you bought.

2. Do you know   where   he is from?

3.  Please ask him   whether   he drinks tea or not.

4.  What    he is thinking about is well known to all of us.

5. Let me guess   how   old you arc.

6. May I ask    why    you are so sad?

7.I don't know   who   he is.

8. Do you know   whose   house this is?

9. This is not    what    1 want.

10.I don't care   who    you are.

[练习五十一]

1. I told you that you must leave.

2.I am glad that you are here now.

3. That he is an American is unknown to us.

4. Can you imagine that he is Chinese?

5. Do you think that he is Chinese?

6. That Hitler was defeated in the Second World War is an important event in the history of mankind.

7.I do not think that he is a bad student.

8.I am surprised to know that she is from Japan.

9. It is hard to imagine that he does not have a high school diploma.

10. Do you believe that he is innocent?

11.I demand that my students work hard.

12. That the sun rises in the east is a fact.

[练习五十二]

1.I do not believe that he is my brother.

2.I advised him that he should go to America.

3. Do you believe that the earth is round?

4.I told him that he must read this book.

5.I forgot that you are a kid.

6. Can you believe that I can speak English?

7. That he did not show up makes me angry.

8.1 think that he is a good man.

9. Do not forget that there are a lot of poor people in the world.

10.I know that he teaches English.

11.I never knew that he is so smart.

12.I know that he can not come over.

13.I hope that he can come.

14. Can you believe that he grew up in Taiwan?

15.I cannot decide whether he should go to college or not.

16. You told me that he went to America last year.

17. This teacher did not know that my father is also a teacher.

18. I'd like to ask him whether he will come to my house tomorrow.

19. Do you know whether this train goes to Taipei or not?

20. Please tell me whether you can speak English or not.

[练习五十三]

1.I saw that kid who was driving fast.

2. We arc discussing those students who have problems.

3. Those who swim everyday must be very strong.

4. The person who took/drove me to the Railway Station is my student.

5. The girl whom you met is my sister.

6.I like the poem which you wrote.

7. The professor whom you were talking about is my elder brother.

8. The music that you heard is R & B.

9. I like those books which have pictures in them.

10. I don't know in which city Lincoln was born.

11.I like the CD that you gave me very much.

12. The movie that I saw last night was very boring.

[练习五十四]

1.I saw the man    whom   you talked about.

2. He is not the man    whom    we met.

3. Those    who    cry very often are usually not liked.

4.I like to talk to people    who    are friendly.

5.I enjoy reading the book    which    you gave to me.

6. Do you know the person    whom    everyone knows?

7. Peter is a good singer   who   practices singing every day.

8. Do you know the Peter   whom   we talked about?

9. Did you see the person   whom    I spoke to?

10.I have seen the person   whom    we talked about.

[练习五十五]

1. He is the man    who    is very good at English.

2.I don't know the person    whom    you talked to.

3. This is not the house    where    the president lives.

4.I do not like anyone    who    cries frequently.

5. Did you read the book,    which    you bought last month?

6. Do you know the year    when    the Second World War ended?

7. Do you know that student   whom   I taught?

8.I have no idea about the person   whom    you are talking about.

9. Do you know   whom    he is talking about?

10. Do you know   whose   dress it is?

[练习五十六]

1.  He is a good student.

2.  He is the student whom every teacher likes.

3.I want to be the president.

4. This is the President.

5. Please open a window.

6. The President of the Republic of China will visit the U. S. A. next year.

7.I want to be a good engineer.

8. He is the teacher whom we often talk about.

9. Java is a new computer language. 10.I have a dog.

11. He is the professor who got a/the big award.

12.  Where is the train station?

13.  Please tell me the address of the post office.

14.1s there a post office here?

15. The sun rises in the east.

16. The universe is very large.

17.  Why can't we sec the moon in the day time?

18.  How old is the President?

[练习五十七]

1. He is   the   student who went to see you.

2. There is _a_ river in this area. 3.I don't want to be a  teacher.

4. He wants to become   a   doctor.

5. No one wants to be   a   beggar.

6.  Please open   the   door which opens to the hall.

7. UNIX is _a_ computer operating system.

8.  WINDOWS is   the   only operating system invested in by Microsoft.

9.I have _a  dog and two cats.

10. Is she the teacher whom we talked about yesterday?

11  The   earth is not flat.

12. Is there _a  hotel around here?

13. Where is    the    train station.

14.I really like   the    library.

15. Please give me    glass of water.

16.    The    wind is getting stronger and stronger.

17. He is   friend of mine.

18.  It is hard for    the    poor to go to college.

19. He is    the    swimmer who swam across the English Channel.

20.    The   weather is getting colder and colder.

21. This is   the   book which I bought yesterday.

22.I don't want to be _a_ professor.

23.I am going to take _a_ vacation next month

24. John will become   a  basketball player.

25.I ride _a_ bicycle to work every morning.

[练习五十八]

1.  Me is   an   English Professor.

2. This is   an   easy job.

3. He is just   an    ordinary person.

4.   A   friend in need is _a_ friend indeed.

5. Give me _a_ hint.

6.I have   an    American friend.

7.I will become   an   engineer.

8. Is he   an   honest boy?

9.   An    hour later, he went away.

10.  Where is    the    university library?

11. Is there  a  university library here?

[练习五十九]

1. Girls are usually good at learning languages.

2. Dogs always chase cats.

3.I have not had water for two hours.

4. There is no life without pain.

5. Love is the most important thing in one's life.

6. He has wisdom.

7.I am losing patience.

8. This is not the time to cry.

9. The pain due to losing a loved one is hard to endure.

10. The joy of being a father is really great.

11. Being honest is a virtue.

12. We need air to live.

13.I do not drink coffee. I drink tea.

14. We Chinese eat rice every day.

15. The water in this area is very clean.

16. There was a fire in the next street last night.

17. The fire last night killed three kids.

18. The coffee which you are drinking is from South America.

19. Mary is from Canada.

20. China is a large country.

21. The Republic of China was founded in 1911.

22. Where is England?

23. Is Russia in Europe?

24.  President Lincoln was a great person.

25. King George was a mad king.

26. The Yellow River is a long river.

27. Have you been to the Gobi Desert?

28. The Manila Bay is very beautiful.

29. It is hard to cross the Atlantic Ocean by a small boat.

30. Can you swim across the English Channel?

31. The United States of America is a large country.

32. The  United  Nations  and  the  Red  Cross  often  work. together.

33. When did the Ottoman Empire end?

34. The British Empire was large before.

35. The Catholic Church is one of the oldest organizations in the world.

36. This cup was made in the Ming Dynasty.

37. The European Renaissance was a very important era for the mankind.

38.  We should not go back to the Dark Ages.

39. The Wangs did not invite me to their house.

40.  I do not like the Kennedys.

41. The Chinese pay great attention to education.

42.I do not like physics.

43. Are you interested in chemistry?

44. Did you have lunch?

45. Let us have dinner together.

46.I always have breakfast with my family.

47.I had a big dinner last night.

48. The dinner my mother cooked for me was delicious.

49.I go to church every Sunday.

50. He does not like to go to school.

51. Did you see the beautiful church in the next street

52. English is so hard for me.

53. Do you speak English?

54. Do you play tennis?

55. Swimming is good for you.

[练习六十]

1. Boys usually do not like to sit still for long.

2.I would love to have   a. cup of coffee.

3. There is love between us.

4. Can you feel    the    love of your mother?

5.   The   joy of having a new baby is really great.

6.  We can not live without love.

7.I have not drunk wine for a long time.

8. Do you have    the    wisdom to distinguish bad persons from good ones?

9. This is _a_ good dinner.

10.I did not have dinner.

11. The   joy of being    mother is great.

12. Running    is _a_ good exercise.

13. The    sadness due to the death of his mother really hurts him.

14.  We need water to live.

15. We can not live without air.

16.I do not drink coffee.

17.   The   fire that occurred last night destroyed my house.

18.   The   coffee which you are drinking is very light.

19.   The   Republic of China is in Asia.

20.  Where is Russia?

21. Is France in Africa?

22. President Kennedy was liked by most Americans before be died.

23.   The   Amazon River is a long one.

24. Have you ever been to Tokyo?

25. Have you ever been to    the   Tokyo Bay?

26. There are  more  than one hundred countries  in   the United Nations.

27. This is   a   Ming Dynasty porcelain.

28.   The    Wangs invited us to a dinner party.

29. 1 do not like mathematics.

30. Spring is a pleasant season.

31.I had    a    pleasant evening with my friends.

32.   The    breakfast which 1 had this morning was too light for me.

33. It is not easy to study English.

34.I did play basketball yesterday.

35. Swimming is good exercise.

36. There should be  a  chicken in every pot.

[练习六十一]

1. Dogs can bark.

2. Cats can catch mice.

3. Sometimes, suffering is good.

4.  1 don't drink tea.

5. The feeling of being loved is very important.

6. Speaking the truth makes one happy.

7. We need love.

8. He is a Chinese.

9. The Chinese love drinking tea.

10. Last night, there was a fire in the city.

11. John is from America.

12.  Where is France?

13.I like President Lincoln.

14. The Yellow River is not yellow.

15. The Red Cross is one hundred years old.

16. The Ming Dynasty was an important era.

17. Do you like mathematics?

18.I did not eat breakfast this morning.

19.I have already had lunch.

20.I did not go to church yesterday.

21.I will go to college this fall.

22. Swimming makes me strong.

[练习六十二]

1. smaller

2. slower

3. more intelligent

4. more expensive

5. taller

6. shorter

7. more important

8. cheaper

9. more famous

10. colder

11. faster

12.,more careful

13. more colorful

14. longer

15. darker

16. brighter

[练习六十三]

1. cuter

2. wider

3. earlier

4. happier

5. heavier

6. thinner

7. easier

8. hotter

9. wiser

10. larger

11. better

12. worse

13. more

[练习六十四]

1. He is older than I.

2. She is younger than I.

3. This university is larger than that university.

4. He is older than my brother.

5. His house is older than mine.

6. The size of this city is larger than that of San Francisco.

7. She is taller than he.

8. The height of this boy is greater than that of his brother.

9. He is the best student in my class.

10. He is the worse one.

[练习六十五]

1. You are stronger than he.

2. His English is better than mine.

3. He is richer than his brother.

4. He is the richest person in the world.

5. This pen is more expensive than yours.

6. He is the tallest man on earth.

7. The Amazon River is the longest river in the world.

8. He is taller than his father.

9. He is the best student in his class.

10. Among the persons whom I have met, he is the tallest.

[练习六十六]

1. He is   older   than John.

2. This problem is one of   the most difficult   problems that I have ever seen.

3. This is one of the    best    movies that I have ever seen.

4. Do we have a    better    choice?

5. This place is    hotter   than San Francisco.

6. He is    more famous    than his sister.

7. She is getting    worse    now.

8. He is feeling    better    now.

9. He has    more    money than his father.

10. Mary is one of   the most beautiful    students in her class.

11. He is   happier   than before.

12. Peter is getting   thinner

13. This summer is    hotter   than last summer.

14. You have a   brighter   future now.

15. He has   more   students than L 16.I feel much   better   now.

17. He is    more careful    than you.

18. Time is    more important    than money.

[练习六十七]

1. Many people like to drink wine.

2. He loves you.

3. He wants to go to school.

4. Do you like swimming?

5.I told him to come back soon.

6.I asked my brother to eat an apple every day.

7. My school classmates like to get together.

8. My government wishes to establish a peaceful society.

9. Tom never works hard.

10. He does not tell the truth.

11.I will not go to the concert.

12.I liked to swim.

13. It is important to go to church every Sunday.

14I was with my brother when you called.

15. My friends are friendly to me.

16. The governments of Asia have no choice

17. His wish to succeed in many things is not realistic.

18. My wish to visit many countries is finally fulfilled.

19.I am a person who eats an apple every day.

20. He is not a good student.

21. Many people are excited by the news.

22. The future is bright.

23. This was caused by the war.

24. How can we obtain lasting peace?

25. How can we succeed?

26. Good citizens love their country.

27.I never watch TV.

28. He has published many books since 1989.

29.I have lived here since I was ten years old.

30. He was in the university when the war broke out.

31. Many Jewish people were killed during the Second World War.

32.I have been a Catholic since 1939.

33. Many people are leaving that country because of the poverty.

34. He was writing a letter when I visited him yesterday.

35. He was happy when he was informed of the good news.

36. He has written many novels.

37.I have finally finished the letter.

38. He is not loved by anyone.

39. Wine is manufactured here.

40. His effort is well appreciated.

41.I like playing basketball.

42. We should pay attention to writing good English sentences.

43. Instead of playing guitar, he plays violin.

44. This is a losing team.

45. He has a smiling face.

46. Why did he cry so loudly?

47. He does not like his brother.

48. He does not speak English.

49. Among all of your students, whom do you like most?

50. He is loved by everyone.

51. This problem is transformed into another problem.

52. This line is connected to the central office.

53. The books will be mailed to you.

54. He is the man who stole my car.

55. Peter is the boy who runs very fast.

56. I did not know that the war broke out so soon.

57. The boys who study hard will easily succeed.

58. There arc a lot of people who use computers now.

59. I will let you drive my new car.

60. He makes everyone laugh. 61.I heard him sing.

62. He is making his son go abroad.

63. I will never let him cheat.

64. His mother makes him get up early in the morning.

65. He is excited about the news.

66. He is not interested in sports.

67. This is not interesting to me.

68. His work is well appreciated by all of us.

69.I am disappointed.

70. President Lee will appear soon.

71. It will never happen.

72. He is the most frustrated person.

73. He is living in poverty.

74. There is no possibility of war.

75. Everyone knows who he is.

76. Do you know why he is so happy?

77. It is hard to explain why John failed.

78. He is the cleverest person on earth.

79. Is he getting bigger?

80. This is the taller building.


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